Today's vehicle manufacturers make extensive use of electronics, electronic sensors, actuators and so on. On this pages we will try to explain and demonstrate how this sensors and actuators operate in modern vehicles. Here you'll find pictures, waveforms, theory of operation and ways of testing them. Be aware that some of the pages can be very long and slow to download.


Fuel Injectors      
Idle Speed Control      
Fuel Pumps      
Canister Purge Valve      


Automotive Equipment - in tune with the Future

Crypton Diagnostic Equipment - Automotive Diagnostic Workshop Equipment as used by Dealers and Garages

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